Thermal Cycling with RS Vibration

Environmental Stress Requirement Sub-Categories

Testing For:

  • Components, equipment or other articles to withstand rapid changes of ambient temperature
  • Connectors for electronic equipment
  • Semiconductor devices
  • Fiber optics
  • Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules
  • Solar Panel Testing
  • It applies when the product specification calls for a reliability growth program of equipment (electronic, electromechanical and mechanical hardware as well as software) or when it is known that the design is unlikely to meet the requirements without improvement
  • Solder joints, glued interfaces and other parts that are stressed by differences in CTE
  • Components and solder interconnects
  • Semiconductor devices
  • Design for Reliability Processes - Early in the design processes, Highly Accelerated Life Testing (HALT) is utilized to expose early prototypes and existing components to the full range of expected operating conditions within a controlled environment

Standard:

  • IEC 61014
  • IEC 61300-22-2
  • IEC 61215
  • IPC-9592A
  • DESIGN FOR RELIABILITY HANDBOOK TECHNICAL REPORT NO. TR-2011-24
  • MIL-HDBK338B
  • MIL-HDBK-344A
  • MIL-HDBK-2164A
  • MIL-STD-810G
  • MIL-STD-883J
  • MlL-STD- 1540C
  • JESD-A105C
  • EIA-364-32
  • EIA/ECA-364-110
  • Highly Accelerated Life Testing (HALT) Procedure - EAD-460/12/00
  • EMBRAER Quality Requirements for Suppliers
  • GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS GMW8287

Failure Type :

F(c) = failures only accelerated by a combined thermal and vibration stress environment

Typical Failures Detected:

  • Rapid Thermal in Combination with vibration, puts maximum stress on surface mount components.
  • Components will expand/contract at different rates than the unit beneath. Addition of high frequency vibration makes stressful environment for marginal surface mount solder joints. Changes in temperature during vibration cause components and materials to respond differently at different temperatures. Similar to what a product endures once put into the end use environment.

Stressor:

Thermal cycling in combination with RS vibration

Qualmark Accelerated Reliability System:

+200°C to -100°C at >70°C/min in combination with RS vibration up to 70gRMS

Testing For:

  • This Handbook is intended for use by both contractor and government personnel during the conceptual, validation, full scale development, production phases of an equipment/system life cycle.
  • Assemblies (SRU)Equipment or Unit (LRU/LRM)
    • Fixed ground equipment
    • Mobile ground vehicle equipment
    • Shipboard equipment
      • *Sheltered
      • *Exposed
    • Jet aircraft equipment
    • Turbo-propeller and rotary-wing aircraft equipment
    • Air launched weapons
  • The tailoring process described in this standard (i.e., systematically considering detrimental effects that various environmental factors may have on a specific materiel system throughout its service life) applies throughout the materiel acquisition cycle to all materiel developed for military or commercial applications, including foreign and non-development item (NDI) procurements, procurements, or modifications of Allied systems or materiel, and cooperative development opportunities with one or more Allied nations to meet user and interoperability needs (DoDD 5000.1). *Note that this spec. is being revised specifically for HALT and HASS

Standard:

  • Shenzhen Metrology and Quality (SMQ) Institute
  • Guide for Defining and Performing Highly Accelerated Tests
  • SAE/USCAR-2 Revision 5 Revised 2007-11 PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR SYSTEMS
  • J2464
  • UL 2054
  • UL 1642

Failure Type :

F(c) = failures only accelerated by a combined thermal and vibration stress environment

Typical Failures Detected:

Stressor:

Thermal cycling in combination with RS vibration

Qualmark Accelerated Reliability System:

+200°C to -100°C at >70°C/min in combination with RS vibration up to 70gRMS

Testing For:

  • For the purpose of this standard, the term "devices" includes such items as monolithic, multichip, film and hybrid microcircuits, microcircuit arrays, and the elements from which the circuits and arrays are formed. This standard is intended to apply only to microelectronic devices.
  • Electrical Connectors and Sockets
  • The process described in this document should be applied to several product segments, such as electronic equipment, electromechanical equipment, and may be applied to mechanical equipment as well.
  • Environmental Stress Screening for Electronic Equipment using Highly Accelerated Tests GUIDE January 2006 Edition © DEV HA ESS R25 2006
  • EMBRAER is one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in the world, acting on Commercial, Military and Executive aviation markets. EMBRAER develops and adapts aircraft platforms, implementing new technologies, delivering higher reliability, comfort, and safety.
  • General Motors Engineering and Manufacturing operations and all GM suppliers
  • All Electronic Parts and Assemblies

Standard:

  • IEC 62133
  • IEC 62660-2

Failure Type :

F(c) = failures only accelerated by a combined thermal and vibration stress environment

Typical Failures Detected:

Stressor:

Thermal cycling in combination with RS vibration

Qualmark Accelerated Reliability System:

+200°C to -100°C at >70°C/min in combination with RS vibration up to 70gRMS

Testing For:

  • Electric and Hybrid Vehicle - Rechargeable Energy Storage
  • Household and Commercial Batteries
  • Lithium Batteries – long life critical devices - pacemakers, electronic, medical devices;  less critical - toys, clocks, cameras, oceanographic applications.
  • Portable sealed Secondary Batteries - Laptops, Toys, Radio, etc.
  • Secondary Lithium-ion cells for Propulsion of Electric Road Vehicles - Part 2: Reliability and abuse Testing

Standard:

Failure Type :

F(c) = failures only accelerated by a combined thermal and vibration stress environment

Typical Failures Detected:

Stressor:

Thermal cycling in combination with RS vibration

Qualmark Accelerated Reliability System:

+200°C to -100°C at >70°C/min in combination with RS vibration up to 70gRMS

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